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How to fix the 4 biggest sleep disorders

January 14, 2019

What are the 4 biggest sleep disorders?

 

INSOMNIA • SLEEP APNOEA • RESTLESS LEGS • NARCOLEPSY

Find out more from health24.com

 

1. Insomia

Definition: 

Trouble falling or staying asleep at least three nights a week for three months or longer.

 

Signs: 

Daytime fatigue; moodiness; problems with attention and memory; anxiety about sleep.

 

Causes: 

Stress; depression; alcohol and/or caffeine use; substance abuse; irregular sleep schedule.

 

Try first: 

Cognitive behavioural therapy for insomnia, also known as CBT-I. Benefits are often seen in four to six sessions with a therapist.

 

Try next: 

Prescription medication may help, but seek the guidance of a doctor.

 

2. Sleep Apnoea

Definition: 

Breathing pauses of 10 or more seconds in bed. About one in four adults ages 30 to 70 have it.

 

Signs: 

Loud, frequent snoring; choking or gasping sounds; morning headaches; unrefreshing sleep.

 

Causes: 

Overweight; older age; narrow neck/throat; alcohol use; smoking; narcotic pain meds.

 

Try first: 

Control weight, smoking and/or drinking; sleep on your side; raise your upper body with a wedge pillow when sleeping on your back.

 

Try next: 

A continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) device used while sleeping to deliver gentle air pressure via a mask to keep your airway open.

 

3. Restless Legs

Definition: 

Neurological disorder causing an uncomfortable leg sensation when sitting or lying down.

 

Signs: 

Itching, crawling, burning or throbbing that worsens at night, creating the urge to move your legs.

 

Causes: 

Low iron; diabetes; meds (antidepressants, antihistamines); sometimes the cause is unknown.

 

Try first: 

Iron supplements if needed; stretching; massage; moderate exercise; reducing caffeine or alcohol; quitting smoking.

 

Try next: 

An anticonvulsant or dopaminergic agent. (Note: these medicines treat symptoms but not the problem.)

 

4. Narcolepsy

Definition: 

Your brain loses control of its sleep-wake cycles. Sudden “sleep attacks” can occur.

 

Signs: 

Extreme daytime sleepiness; hallucinations when falling asleep; sleep paralysis.

 

Causes: 

Deficiency in hypocretin (neurotransmitter involved in sleep-wake cycle); sometimes unknown.

 

Try first: 

Scheduled naps; exercise; no caffeine, alcohol, nicotine, heavy meals; consult a behavioural sleep medicine specialist.

 

Try next: 

Antidepressants; stimulants; sodium oxybate. (Note: these medicines treat symptoms but not the problem.)

 

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Above mentioned are purely a general sleeping tips sharing. Please seek for professional medical advice from the doctors and health experts shall there be any consistent sleep disorders symptom. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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